What is Malware? Key Cybersecurity Terms Defined

Did you know that an average cyber-attack may cost you a staggering 1.6 million? Security experts estimate that this number is what a business needs to recover from an attack that contains malware. Hotels represent one of the easiest targets for hackers, given that cybersecurity isn’t a strong point for most hotels. Large-chain hotels had previously fallen victim to these kinds of cyber-attacks; Marriott International, Choice Hotels International, and many more. 

Every time an attack occurs, hotel guest records are breached, leading to a series of unfortunate events that follow shortly after. The hotel experiences financial strain and faces trust issues with their loyal customers and reputation issues. Bad publicity can hurt a hotel more than any cybercriminal activity. Understanding the critical definitions of cybersecurity is half of the defensive efforts pointed towards this burning issue. This article covers the basic terminology of cybersecurity.

  • Phishing: When you happen to receive a text, an email, or even a call from hackers trying to trick you into giving away personal information, this is considered phishing. The stolen data is then used to access your credit cards or bank accounts and details. For example, a deceiving phishing email may look like a regular message from your bank, sending you a warning that it will shut down your account if you do not verify your personal ID information. 
  • Encryption: This represents a security procedure that’s scrambled data only visible to authorized parties. The process involves readable data and its altering so that it appears to be random and unreadable. The user on the receiving end of this information needs a specific key to deciphering data and turning it into readable text.
  • VPN: VPN is short for “virtual private network,” which serves as a mask for your IP address. It keeps your internet activity untraceable. VPN is an excellent tool for making sure your connection is private and secure. 
  • Malware: This particular term is the abbreviation of malicious software. It is software designed to access your computer with ease. Ransomware, viruses, spyware, and Trojan horses are all different types of malware. 
  • Penetration test: This procedure is done when a cybersecurity expert tries to pinpoint potential threats and weak spots in a computer network. A hacking or malware attack is simulated only to find vulnerabilities that hackers might take advantage of. 
  • APT (Advanced Persistent Threat): One of the worst kinds of attack is the advanced persistent threat. The criminal uses continuous, persistent, and sophisticated techniques to access the system. Once the system gets breached, the hacker remains inside for a long time,
  • Antivirus: An antivirus is a program designed to locate and destroy computer viruses on any operating system. 
  • Anti-malware: Unlike antivirus systems, which concentrate on older, well-known threats, anti-malware software focuses on newer, unknown threats. Malware removal seems to be more difficult, given that it deals with irregular attacks.
  • Rootkit: A clandestine computer program created and used by criminals to provide unlimited access to a particular computer while actively hiding its presence. 
  • Keylogger: Keylogger is a technology that monitors and keeps a record of each keystroke typed on a specific computer. The program is available for mobile devices as well, Android and iOS included. This software is typically used for protection, but sometimes, criminals can take advantage of this software to gain access to sensitive info, such as passwords and credit card numbers. 
  • Botnet: Botnet represents a network of numerous infected computers that contain malicious code. They are managed as a group, without the owner knowing about the malicious activity. Hackers use the botnet to send spam messages. 

Encryption and VPN should be utilized, along with regular penetration testing protocols, to discover potential breaching points. This is the bare minimum when it comes to protecting your hotel. High-profile hacks and other cyberattacks can be avoided if all of the necessary security protocols are practiced habitually.

We’ll teach you how to repel cyberattacks.